Revisiting strategic Indo-Bangladeshi ties – Global Village Space


Indian Army Chief, General Manoj Pande, recently visited Dhaka for a three-day visit at the invitation of his Bangladeshi counterpart, General SM Shafiuddin Ahmed, to further strengthen defense and relations bilateral between the two nations. This is General Pande’s first trip abroad since he took over the office. to July 20, 2022. Bed the Statement from the Indian Ministry of Defense. General Pande’s first overseas tour destination in Bangladesh, shows his respect for Bangladesh and the historical and existing good relations between the two armies.

The Indian Army Chief paid a courtesy visit to his Bangladeshi counterpart at the Bangladesh Army Headquarters in Dhaka Cantonment, where senior military officials from nearest neighbors discussed the prevailing good relations and of various aspects of mutual cooperation for future advancement between the two military forces. He visited Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at his official residence Gono Bhaban where she recalled with gratitude the crucial role of the Indian government, the country’s armed forces and the people during the 1971 liberation war.

Read more: Strategic Significance of Indian Army Chief’s Visit to Bangladesh

Importance of regular bilateral visits

At present, India and Bangladesh share a warmer relationship and cooperate in the diverse socio-economic, political, military, technological and cultural backgrounds of South Asia. There are now regular reciprocal visits from the heads of their governments and armed forces. President Ram Nath Kovind and Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid historic visits to Bangladesh in December and March 2021 respectively. Undoubtedly, these regular visits at the highest level play an important role in consolidating the dynamism of contemporary ties. Because the visits were an opportunity to renew ties between the two countries around a shared geographical space, a shared heritage and a shared history.

General Pande’s visit demonstrates the high priority the two countries attach to each other and their desire to further strengthen this relationship based on shared values, mutual trust and understanding. It will serve as a catalyst for closer coordination and cooperation on a host of strategic issues. Ongoing talks between senior leaders of the armed forces can help dispel misconceptions held by both sides and contribute to a mutual understanding of each other’s points of view.

Growth of India-Bangladesh relations

It should be noted that India’s relationship with Bangladesh is one of the main pillars of its “neighborhood first” and ‘Acting on the policies of the East’. Recently, India and Bangladesh are enjoying strong and multifaceted bilateral cooperation in various fields including trade and connectivity, energy and power, border management, defense and security, culture and interpersonal ties.

Naturally, Bangladesh is the key to India’s land connections to the east. When Prime Minister Hasina came to power in 2009, Dhaka assured Delhi that it would never allow “an inch of its territory” to be used for any extremist activity against India, in line with the former’s zero tolerance policy against terrorism and militancy. New Delhi’s main “security issues” in Seven Sisters had already been significantly resolved by Bangladesh. Former DG of Indian National Security Guard said recently that the security problems facing India in its northeastern region had been controlled and managed, in part thanks to the huge assistance provided by Bangladesh.

India is now one of Bangladesh’s most important economic partners. Bangladesh is India’s largest trading partner in South Asia and India is Bangladesh’s second largest trading partner. Despite the pandemic, bilateral trade grew at an unprecedented rate of 14%, from USD 9.46 billion in 2019-20 to USD 10.78 billion in 2020-21. Bangladesh is also India’s most important development partner, both in terms of value and scope of cooperation. India provides about a third of its overall development assistance through lines of credit to Bangladesh.

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The recent trend of military ties

Bangladesh is one of India’s most notable strategic military partners from a security perspective. Defense cooperation has made significant progress in recent years. This push is manifested in the exchange of visits between the leaders of the two nations, as well as the conduct of training programs, joint exercises and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR).

Bangladesh is India’s long-time and proven strategic friend. In addition to economic cooperation, major commitments in border management, counter-terrorism, capacity building, technology exchange, space research, cybersecurity, connectivity, maritime transport and other areas of cooperation develop. As part of “joint training and exercises”, the defense services of the two countries now participate in joint exercises, medical assistance and training programs.

SAMPRITI, the joint military exercise Counter Terrorism completed its 10th edition at Jashore Army Station on June 16, 2022. The exercise provided an opportunity for contingents from both armies to understand each other’s tactical drills and operational techniques as well as share their experience in counter-insurgency/counter-terrorism, peacekeeping and disaster relief under the mandate of the United Nations.

Like the Bay of Bengal, the regions are prone to cross-border organized crimes such as human trafficking and the smuggling of counterfeit currencies, weapons and narcotics, a high level of cooperation between security agencies can help address these challenges as well as securing maritime trade for neighboring countries, particularly Bangladesh.

Although Bangladesh is heavily dependent on China for conventional military weapons, some security experts believe that now is the time to move away from a single source of defense equipment supply and therefore China must be balanced. also strengthening defense cooperation with India and Russia. It should be mentioned that Bangladesh and China have an umbrella defense cooperation agreement signed in December 2002under former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia.

Read more: Bangladesh’s approach of ‘not facing Sri Lanka as a crisis’

During Prime Minister Hasina’s visit to India in 2017, the two countries signed a series of agreements and memorandums of understanding to enhance cooperation in the area of ​​national security and strategic and operational studies. The two countries signed a pact on the defense cooperation framework, in addition to signing an agreement to extending a $500 million line of credit (LOC)for the purchase of military equipment.

To conclude, the India-Bangladesh bonhomie in the security dimension has undeniably reached new heights over the past few years and it can be easily assumed that the India-Bangladesh strategic relationship will continue to add “more depth and momentum” in the defense and security aspect of the bilateral relationship, as both countries are committed to addressing each other’s concerns and seeking common solutions.

The author is a security and strategic business analyst in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The opinions expressed by the authors do not necessarily represent the editorial policy of Global Village Space.

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